June 14th, 2013
Genital warts are easily treated. Learn what they are and how to treat them.
Watch This Video To Learn More.
One of the common STDs (Sexually Transmitted Disease) among adults is genital warts. Genital warts are painless, tiny growths that may be flat or raised and often seem like cauliflower in appearance. These genital warts are caused by the human papilloma virus or HPV, which is transmitted by skin-to-skin contact through anal or vaginal sex. Sometimes, the virus can be transmitted to the mouth during oral sex.
The warts may not be visible to the eyes, but they can pose discomfort when they are observable. The warts are usually painless, but in some cases, there is pain, itching, and a burning feeling. In such cases, treatment may be needed.
Genital wart treatment involves removing of the warts, but not the virus. There may be over-the-counter wart removal creams and ointments, but these medications are not suitable for genital warts caused by HPV. There are two genital wart treatment options that the doctor may prescribe for infected patients: topical medications and surgery.
Topical Genital Wart Treatment
1. Imiquimod Cream
Imiquimod creams act against the warts by stimulating the body’s immune system to fight and attack the warts caused by the virus. The cream is applied once a day, 3 times a week, for up to 3 months and is not recommended for use by pregnant women. After application, sex should be avoided because the cream may weaken the effectiveness of condoms and may cause irritation on the partner’s skin.
2. Trichloroacetic Acid (TCA) treatment
TCA acts by killing wart cells by destroying the protein content. This is always done by a physician or a nurse because an incorrectly applied application of this chemical treatment may damage healthy cells instead of the wart cells. This is the recommended treatment for pregnant women. A side effect of TCA treatment is a burning sensation for a few minutes after application.
Podophyllotoxin, a plant resin, works by releasing toxic effects to the wart cells, thereby destroying them. Podophyllotoxin comes in a liquid form and is applied through the use of an application stick and then dripped on the warts. Like TCA, this genital wart treatment should be done by a doctor. There may be mild irritation of the skin when applying the medication. This treatment is also not recommended for use by pregnant women.
Surgical Genital Wart Treatment
Cryotherapy for genital warts works by freezing wart cells using liquid nitrogen to form blisters. When these blisters heal, there will be sloughing of lesions and new skin will start to form. Cryotherapy is usually repeated to treat genital warts.
Cauterization acts against the warts through the use of electric current to burn off the wart tissues.
In cases where the tiny warts had formed into large clusters, surgical excision may be recommended by a surgeon where he will cut off the whole clusters of warts through special surgical tools. There will be soreness and tenderness over the site of the excision and it may take 1 to 3 weeks before the skin is fully healed. Sex should be avoided until then.
4. Laser Treatment
Laser treatment is expensive but effective in removing warts. An intense light beam is used to burn the warts.
These are just some of the effective treatments for a genital warts cure.